Etna

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Mount Etna is a volcano on the east coast of Sicily and the tallest active volcano in Europe. It is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is in an almost constant state of activity. In June 2013, it was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. A large lava flow from an eruption in 1928 led to the destruction of a population centre for the first time since the 1669 eruption. Other major 20th-century eruptions occurred in 1949, 1971, 1981, 1983 and 1991–1993. In 1971, lava buried the Etna Observatory (built in the late 19th century), destroyed the first generation of the Etna cable-car, and seriously threatened several small villages on Etna's east flank. In 2002–2003, a much larger eruption threw up a huge column of ash that could easily be seen from space and fell as far away as Libya, 600 km (370 mi) south across the Mediterranean Sea. The eruption also completely destroyed the tourist station Piano Provenzana, on the northeastern flank of the volcano, and part of the tourist station "Etna Sud" around the Rifugio Sapienza on the south flank. Footage from the eruptions was recorded by Lucasfilm and integrated into the landscape of the planet Mustafar in the 2005 film Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith.

Etna is one of Sicily's main tourist attractions, with thousands of visitors every year. The most common route is through the road leading to Sapienza Refuge ski area, lying at the south of the crater at elevation of 1910 m. From the Refuge, a cableway runs uphill to an elevation of 2500 m, from where the crater area at 2920 m is accessible.

What to do:

Organise your excursion to Mount Etna! For more info visit: http://www.excursionsetna.com/

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The Siracusa Institute

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Email: idc@siracusainstitute.org

Telephone: +39 0931 414515

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